Golestan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, located in the north-east of the country south of the Caspian Sea. Its capital is Gorgan.The world's tallest brick tower stands in this province. It is the famous Gonbad-e Qabus, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.
Bandar Torkaman is a port on the Caspian Sea. It is approximately 375 km (233 mi) from Tehran. Some 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Bandar Torkaman is the famous Ashooradeh Island. Over 40% of Iran's caviar is produced near Ashuradeh Island.
Persians, Turkmens, Mazandarani, Balochis, Zabolis are the main ethnic groups residing in the province. The Turkmens reside in the north of the province, a plain called Turkmen Sahra, this former nomadic people live in this area from 15th century, main cities of whom is Gonbad-e Kavus and Bandar Torkaman. Other ethnic groups such as Baluchs, Qezelbashs, Kazakhs, Georgians, and Armenians also reside in this area, and have preserved their traditions and rituals.
The Golestan National Park is the first Iranian National Park that is situated in the jurisdiction of Golestan, Semnan and Khorassan provinces. Because of its natural values like verdant and virgin forest and different species of flora and fauna Golestan is considered to be one of the most popular areas in Iran and the world. This park has been a protected area since 1957.
This park is formed of slightly sloping hills and high calcareous rocks. Its climate is very damp and in some places dry. The most important animals of the Golestan National Park are: Rabbit, tiger, golden eagle, wolf, fox, panther, bear, sable wild cat, wild goat, wild pig (bore), gazelle, ram, deer, venison, kinds of snake, kinds of fish, black dall, delijeh, pray birds etc. Most important plants of this park are: fig, mulberry, wild pear, walnut, raspberry, barberry, different medicinal plants etc.